Bone marrow cancer, also known as multiple myeloma, is a type of cancer that affects the plasma cells in the bone marrow. Plasma cells are a type of white blood cell that produces antibodies that help fight infections. When plasma cells become cancerous, they can grow out of control and form tumours in the bone marrow, which can interfere with the production of normal blood cells. This article will discuss bone marrow cancer in detail, and let’s explore how the best cancer hospital in Chennai can treat it.
Symptoms Of Bone Marrow Cancer
The symptoms of bone marrow cancer can vary depending on the disease’s stage and the tumours’ location. Some common symptoms include bone pain, fatigue, weakness, weight loss, frequent infections, and anaemia. Patients with bone marrow cancer may also experience symptoms such as kidney problems, nerve damage, and an increased risk of bone fractures. In some cases, bone marrow cancer may not cause any symptoms until it has progressed to an advanced stage.
Diagnosis Of Bone Marrow Cancer
Bone marrow cancer can be diagnosed through various tests, including blood tests, bone marrow biopsies, and imaging studies and can be treated from the best oncologists in Chennai. Blood tests can detect abnormal levels of proteins and other substances produced by cancerous plasma cells. Bone marrow biopsies involve removing a small sample of bone marrow tissue from the hipbone or another large bone, which is then examined under a microscope for cancerous cells. Imaging studies such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs can help identify the location and extent of tumours in the bone marrow.
Treatment Of Bone Marrow Cancer
There are several treatment options for bone marrow cancer by the cancer treatment in Chennai, including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplantation, and targeted therapy. Chemotherapy involves using drugs to kill cancer cells throughout the body, while radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to destroy cancer cells in a specific area. Stem cell transplantation involves replacing damaged bone marrow cells with healthy cells from a donor. Targeted therapy uses drugs that target specific molecules in cancer cells, which can help kill them while minimising damage to healthy cells.
Prognosis And Outlook
The prognosis for bone marrow cancer depends on several factors, including the stage of the disease, the age and overall health of the patient, and the response to treatment. Generally, bone marrow cancer is a treatable but incurable disease, and patients may require ongoing treatment from the cancer hospital in Chennai to manage symptoms and prevent complications. However, advances in treatment options have improved outcomes for many patients, and researchers continue to study new treatments and therapies for bone marrow cancer.